Governments around the world are increasingly using detention as a migration management tool, with refugees, asylum seekers and migrants detained for prolonged periods.
 
However, there are humane and cost effective mechanisms that prevent unnecessary and damaging detention and that ensure detention is only ever used as a last resort. 
 
The IDC has identified good practices from around the world and compiled them in a handbook, while also introducing a new framework CAP, the Community Assessment and Placement model.
 
 
 
 IDC Director, Grant Mitchell, explaining the framework developed by the IDC to promote alternatives to immigration detention

A new framework

The Community Assesment and Placement framework combines mechanisms to prevent unnecessary detention with strategies for effective and humane case resolution in the community. CAP ensures governments have a clear understanding of the diversity within the population of asylum seekers and irregular migrants in order to make informed decisions on placement, support and management.

The CAP framework reduces the financial and human cost of immigration detention and avoids wrongful and unnecessary detention. It maximises management and case resolution in the community.

The CAP model promotes alternatives to immigration detention

Implementing the CAP model

Governments in partnership with civil society can work in five stages on implementing CAP. Find out more in the introduction to the handbook for policy makers. The IDC can provide support and make connections on a national, regional and international level.

Get the handbook on CAP

The policies described in this handbook, as outlined in the CAP model, are currently being implemented in a range of countries to enforce immigration law through mechanisms that do not rely heavily on detention. View or download the handbook on preventing unnecessary immigration detention.

View or download the handbook in Spanish
View or download the handbook in Mandarin

Quick browse through the 5 steps
View the international media papers about the handbook
Connect to regional launches of the CAP model
Follow the blog on alternatives to detention
Put a CAP on immigration detention – NGO resources
Stay up to date about CAP
Ask a question about CAP

View or download the handbook